Physical abuse generally involves physical contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, pain, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm, but it can also include conditions harmful to physical health.
hitting, beating, slapping, punching, choking, burning, pushing or shoving a worker in a way that results or could result in injury
confining a worker (habitual residence or other)
living conditions in employer-provided accommodations that are unsafe or unsanitary or pose a risk to the worker’s health
forcing or pressuring a worker to work under conditions that are unsafe or pose a risk to their health
forcing a worker to engage in drug or alcohol use or illegal behaviour against their will and possibly creating dependencies
Sexual abuse generally encompasses any situation in which force or a threat is used to obtain participation in unwanted sexual activity as well as coercing a person to engage in sex against their will.
forcing or manipulating a worker into having sex or performing sexual acts
forcing a worker to perform unsafe or degrading sexual acts
using physical force to compel a worker to engage in a sexual act against their will
using physical force, weapons or objects in non-consensual sexual acts
involving other people in non-consensual sexual acts
exposing, suggesting, attempting or completing a sexual act involving a worker who is unable to understand the nature or condition of the act, unable to decline participation or unable to communicate unwillingness to engage in the sexual act (for example, because of illness, disability, the influence of alcohol or other drugs, intimidation, or pressure)
Generally, psychological abuse is a pattern of coercive or controlling behaviour, iterated threats or both.
insulting, intimidating, humiliating, harassing, threatening (including with respect to immigration status or deportation), name-calling, yelling at, blaming, shaming, ridiculing, disrespecting or criticizing a worker
controlling what a worker can and cannot do
threatening a worker with murder
intimidating, threatening or harming a worker with a knife, gun, or other object or weapon
using religious or spiritual beliefs to manipulate, dominate or control a worker
Financial abuse is described as a form of abuse where one person has control over the victim’s access to economic resources.
failing to pay wages owed to the worker (excluding cases of clear pay errors that have been rectified by the employer)
stealing or taking a worker’s money, salary, or cheques or coercing them into giving these things up
controlling or limiting the worker’s financial resources
withholding money or credit cards
exploiting a worker’s financial resources
requiring a worker to deposit money into their bank account for fraudulent purposes
closely monitoring how a worker spends money
destroying a worker’s property
spending a worker’s money without their consent
charging a worker fees for a job that doesn’t exist